In early October 2021, Ubiquiti quietly released the UniFi Dream Router (UDR), its first UniFi Wi-Fi 6 broadcaster, as a $79 Early Access device, to those who agreed to keep most of its information under wraps.
Not everyone managed to snatch one since the router kept running out of stock.
After six long months, on April 26, 2022, the networking company finally, and quietly once more, made the exciting router available to the general public, now with a reasonable retail price of $199.
Though the new cost makes it no longer a phenomenal deal, the UDR proved in my hands-on experience to still be the genuine dream router for many.
In fact, you can consider it the best Wi-Fi 6 router for those with a sub-Gigabit broadband connection. Get one as soon as you can before it runs out of stock again.
On the other hand, if you have Gig+ or faster Internet, move on right now. This review will make you feel extremely disappointed because the UDR has no Multi-Gig port. I speak from experience — the Ubiquiti UniFi Dream Router is another example of how we can’t have everything.
Dong’s note: I first published this post on October 14, 2021, as a preview when the UDR was available as an Early Access device and updated it to a full review on April 29, 2022, after a week-long hands-on experience using the production firmware.
Ubiquiti UniFi Dream Router: A more refined approach to the UniFi ecosystem for the home
The UniFi Dream Router (UDR) is the second Wi-Fi 6 router from Ubiquiti after the AmpliFi Alien that came out two and half years ago.
However, it’s the first in the UniFi family and the intended replacement of the UniFi Dream Machine (UDM), which has been one of the best Wi-Fi 5 routers.
Ubiquiti: UniFi vs AmpliFi
UniFi and AmpliFi are two major networking product lines from Ubiquiti. They serve two different demographics and therefore have different architectures and separate mobile apps and web user interfaces.
The UniFi family — represented by the Dream Machine (UDM), UDM-Pro, UDM-SE…, or the Dream Router (UDR) — aims at business/pro users. They are comprehensive routers that can also function as the central controllers of various products.
On the other hand, the AmpliFi family, represented by the HD Wi-Fi system or the Alien, is for the home environment. They are simple Wi-Fi routers, ease-to-use but with a limited feature set.
The UDM is the first UniFi product that also works well as a home router, thanks to the friendly design. In a way, it’s a bridge between the two product lines. And the UDR further solidifies that approach.
Still, Ubiquiti’s UniFi products can be overwhelming and overkill in many cases. Generally, home users should go with AmpliFi instead of UniFi.
Since late 2021, the world has slowly transitioned to Wi-Fi 6E, or routers supporting 5.9GHz Wi-Fi 6. And Wi-Fi 7 is also around the corner.
So, it’s fair to say the Dream Router is late to the Wi-Fi 6 game. It’s likely one of the last major traditional Wi-Fi 6 routers that you’ll see me cover. But it’s also definitely not the least. In fact, it might be a testament to how we “save the best for last.”
But design-wise, you can’t look at the UDR without thinking of the UDM. The two share lots of resemblances.
Ubiquiti UniFi Dream Router (UDR) vs Dream Machine (UDM): A bit of a misnomer
The new UniFi Dream Router has everything the UniFi Dream Machine has and much more.
For this reason, I’d say Ubiquiti overdid in naming the UDM. The UDR is more suited to have “machine” in its title — it’s an understatement to call it a “router.”
But that’s just semantics.
In any case, with the UDR, Ubiquiti has streamlined its UniFi family a great deal. The latest firmware, UniFi OS version 2.4.9 which took the UDR out of the “Early Access”, has many improvements.
UniFi: An ecosystem of multiple “applications”
At the core, both the UDM and UDR are UniFi controllers designed to be the “root” device that powers an UniFi ecosystem of different hardware segments and feature sets called “applications.”
Generally, all UniFi controllers share the same basic features and settings, but their capabilities vary depending on the hardware specs.
Currently, there are four applications, including:
- Network: All things related to the function of a network, including network settings/features, Wi-Fi, mesh, and the support for extender/access points, etc.
- Protect: The support for IP cameras as a surveillance system.
- Talk: The support for Voice over IP phone.
- Access: A platform designed for Access Control Systems, examples are door-related security IoT devices, such as doorbells, keyfobs, locks, etc.
Each of these applications is a world in itself with various in-depth settings and different numbers of supported hardware units a particular controller can handle.
The Network application is the default and available in all UniFi controllers. It’s also the only one the old UDM has.
Ubiquiti UDR vs UDM: The former can handle an extra application, but its Network front is less powerful.
The new UDR, on the other hand, supports all other three applications, but only one at a time. So the UDR is more versatile than the UDM, though not consistently better.
For example, in the Network department, the new router can support up to 15 access points while the UDM can handle up to 40. But that’s a bit of a moot point since I’ve never seen any home, or business, that needs more than three.
By the way, to have the support for all four applications mentioned above simultaneously and at their highest level, you’d need to go fully professional and get the UDM-Pro or the UDM-SE. This resource calculator shows which device can do what at which level.
Overall, the UDR is built for home environments or small offices — it has just enough power without going overboard. It also has built-in Wi-Fi, which the UDM-Pro and UDM-SE don’t. And the compact and eye-catching design doesn’t hurt.
Ubiquiti UDR vs UDM: Hardware specifications
The new UniFi Dream Router is a Dual-band Wi-Fi 6 router. It has the mid-tier 2×2 Wi-Fi 6 specs and supports the 160MHz channel width on the 5GHz band.
On the 2.4GHz band, it shares the same 4×4 Wi-Fi 4 specs as the UDM.
Mind the confusion
You might read somewhere that the UDR is a 4×4 160MHz Wi-Fi 6 router. That’s not entirely correct. The device is a combo of 4×4 Wi-Fi 5 (80MHz) and 2×2 (160MHz) broadcasters in a single hardware unit.
Specifically, the UDR is:
- As a Wi-Fi 5 device: It’s a 4×4 (80MHz) broadcaster that can connect at up to 1.7Gbps with a supported Wi-Fi 5 client.
- As a Wi-Fi 6 device: It’s a 2×2 (160MHz) broadcaster — up to 2.4Gbps.
Hardware vendors often pick and choose to prop up their products.
The UDR, sadly, has a less powerful CPU than the UDM. In return, it doesn’t have an internal fan which is always a good thing.
The new router has eight times more built-in flash storage space compared to its older cousin. And it now has an SD card slot that only accepts a 128GB or higher-capacity card.
The extra storage space facilitates the UDR’s support for additional applications — the router uses it to store recorded video footage or calls.
|Ubiquiti UniFi Dream Router
|Ubiquiti UniFi Dream Machine
|2×2 Wi-Fi 6 (AX): Up to 2.4Gbps
|4×4 Wi-Fi 5 (AC): Up to 1.7Gbps
|4×4 Wi-Fi 4 (N): Up to 576Mbps
|2×2 Wi-Fi 4 (N): Up to 300Mbps
|Dual-Core Cortex A53
1.35 GHz CPU,
|Quad-core 1.7 GHz CPU,
|Internal 128GB Flash,
SD card slot for a 128GB larger card
|Internal 16GB Flash
| 4.33-inch (110 mm) wide
7.25-in (184.2 mm) tall
|4.33-inch (110 mm) wide
7.25-in (184.2 mm) tall
|2.54 lb (1.15 kg)
|2.32 lb (1.05 kg)
| 1x WAN
|Standard AC power cord
|Standard AC power cord
|AC/DC, Internal, 50W
|100 -240V AC
|100 -240V AC
(per 24 hours)
|≈ 228 Wh
|Max TX Power
| 2.4 GHz: 26 dBm
5 GHz: 26 dBm
|2.4 GHz: 23 dBm
5 GHz: 26 dBm
| 2.4 GHz: 3 dBi
5 GHz: 4.3 dBi
|2.4 GHz: 3 dBi
5 GHz: 4.5 dBi
|802.11 a/b/g/n/ac/ac-wave 2/ax
|802.11 a/b/g/n/ac/ac-wave 2
Front status screen,
Color changing ring status light
Color changing ring status light
|Default UniFi Application
|Network: Up to mesh 15 Access points/extenders
|Network: Up to 40 mesh access points/extenders
|Optional UniFi Applications
|Protect: Up to 4 HD cams or one 4K cam
Talk: Up to 25 IP phones
Access: Up to 50 doorbells
|April 26, 2022
UDR vs UDM: Detail photos
Ubiquiti UDR: A comprehensive enterprise-grade (network) controller
With the support for three additional distinctive applications, the UDR can do a lot more than just a Wi-Fi router, which is part of its default Network application.
But this default app alone is already extremely comprehensive. I used mostly this app in the testing since I didn’t have the need or the hardware for the Protect, Talk, or Access.
(Again, while the UDR, like the case of the UDM, is relatively easy-to-use for advanced users, it’s not a device for the general home audience due to the number of advanced settings.)
Note on privacy
All Ubiquiti network hardware of both UniFi and AmpliFi families requires a login account and remains connected to the vendor to work, whether you choose to use the mobile app or the web user interface.
Privacy is a matter of degree. While it’s never a good idea to have your network managed via a third party, the data collection varies from one company to another.
Power over Ethernet
The biggest novelty about the UDR on the network front is the support for Power-over-Ethernet (PoE). It’s the first (home) Wi-Fi router I’ve known with built-in PoE — two of its four LAN ports support 802.3af.
Consequently, the UDR works right away for at least two PoE devices, both as the power source and, if you use an UniFi access point, the network control center.
You can read more about PoE in this post, but it’s worth noting that the 802.3af standard is relatively old and has limited power compared to the subsequent and superseding 802.3at (PoE+) or 802.3bt (PoE++) currently required for many Wi-Fi 6 access points.
Still, this approach makes a lot of sense, considering Ubiquiti also has a good selection of 802.3af PoE devices for different applications that the new router support. For example, you can now easily use two PoE IP phones for Talk or two PoE IP cameras for Protect.
And the UDR’s PoE port will work with any active PoE devices of the 803af standard. I tried it with a few low-power third-party access points with great success.
Tons of Wi-Fi and network configuration, mesh-ready
Like the case of the UDM, the UDR can host multiple UniFi access points up to 15) or extender to form a mesh Wi-Fi system.
I tried that with the BeaconHD extender, and the process was painless. After I plugged the extender into power, the UDR automatically detected it and prompted — both in the mobile app and the web user interface — to add it.
After a few clicks, the mesh extender was adopted, and I got myself a mesh, which worked quite well.
(I didn’t test the system as a mesh this time around, but I might do that when Ubiquiti releases the Wi-Fi 6 version of the BeaconHD, the U6
Extender, which is currently in Early Access.)
Ubiquiti’s mesh support is always in the router (controller) + extender/access point configuration.
In other words, you can’t use multiple UDR units together to form a Wi-Fi system.
Consequently, if you currently have the UDM and want to upgrade to the UDR, there’s no way to use the former as a mesh satellite of the latter.
After that, just like the UDM, the UDR has everything you can think of in terms of network, Wi-Fi, and mesh configurations.
In fact, the amount of customizability can be overwhelming. However, you can just use the default settings in most cases and make gradual changes as your needs grow.
You can use the UniFi mobile app to manage both the UDR itself and other supported network hardware.
Excellent traffic management and VPN support
Like the case of the UDM, the UDR has a well-designed Traffic Management section.
Users can create in-depth web-filtering rules applicable for a single domain or a group of domains/applications for individuals or groups of devices. After that, they can apply the blocking permanently or on a specific schedule.
I tried this feature out, and it proved to be the best “Parental Controls” feature by far.
In terms of VPN, the UDR supports a comprehensive L2TP standard server and now also features Teleport, a mobile-friendly VPN application once available only in the AmpliFi family.
Extra: VPN Protocols
This portion of extra content is part of the VPN explainer post.
Short for point-to-point tunneling protocol, PPTP is the oldest among the three.
First implemented in Windows 95 and has been part of the Windows operating systems and many other platforms since PPTP is well supported and the easiest to use.
However, it’s also the least secure. It’s better than no VPN at all, and it does its purpose in making a remote device be part of a local network.
That said, if you take security seriously, or have other options, skip it. On the other than, it sure is better than nothing and good enough for most home users.
Short for Layer 2 Tunnel Protocol is the second most popular VPN protocol — it’s also a built-in application in most modern operating systems — and an interesting one.
By itself, it has no encryption, so it’s not secure where the IPsec — or IP security — portion comes into play to provide encryption. Therefore, this protocol is rigid in port use and can be blocked by a third party.
The point is L2PT/IPsec is great when it works. And it does in most cases, which ultimately depends on whether the local network of the remote device allows it to pass through.
As the name suggests, OpenVPN is a flexible VPN protocol that uses open-source technologies, including OpenSSL and SSL.
As a result, it has a high level of customizability and is the most secure. It also can’t be blocked.
In return, OpenVPN requires extra client software on the client-side, making it a bit less practical. But if you want to be serious about VPN, this protocol is the way to go.
Performance-taxing Threat Management
Like the case of the UDM, the UDR has an excellent set of security features.
You can block incoming traffic by the IP addresses, and you can even do that by countries or regions of the world. So if your business has a spike of attacks from, say, Russia, you can choose to block all incoming traffic from that country.
There’s also a threat auto-detection and blocking mechanism with a world map of exactly where the threat comes from and the severity level.
Unfortunately, also like the case of the UDM, turning on the UDR’s threat detecting feature will force the router to throttle down its Wi-Fi throughout. In my trial, that only affected its Wi-Fi 6 performance — more below.
Still, the Ubiquiti’s UniFi Dream Router is one of the most feature-rich routers any home user can find, partly because it’s an enterprise-grade device. You might not have everything you’d like from it, but you sure will get more compared to any other home Wi-FI router of the same price point.
Ubiquiti UDR: Excellent performance
I initially used the UDR for a couple of months with the Early Access firmware and then with its product firmware for more than a week. I’ve been happy with it. Almost completely happy with it.
As a mid-tier router that has no Multi-Gig port, the UDR delivered! I generally got the real-world Wi-Fi 6 speeds comparable to a Gigabit connection after overhead.
I tested the UDR both with and without the Threat Detection feature turned on and experienced a marked difference in its Wi-Fi 6 performance, as you will note on the charts. The router performed the same with legacy devices (Wi-Fi 5 and older).
In terms of range, or Wi-Fi coverage, the UDR was about the same as the UDM, which was excellent. If you have a house of some 2000 ft2 (186 m2), place it in the middle, and chances are you’re all set. But Wi-Fi range depends greatly on the environment, so your mileage will vary.
Most importantly, I used the UDR as our main router for weeks and had no issue with reliability. I just worked. There was never any disconnection, even with the beta firmware, and the router, with the production firmware, passed our 3-day stress test with flying colors.
In terms of Internet speeds via Wi-Fi, in my anecdotal daily usage, I generally got around half a Gig from the router — out of a 10Gbps Fiber-optic line — as shown in the screenshot above.
The speeds varied but it was rare that saw faster-than-500Mbps rates when roaming around the house. That said, if you have sub-Gigabit broadband, the router will generally deliver.
Compact design with built-in support for all of Ubiquiti’s business hardware segments (Network, Protect, Talk, and Access)
Reliable Wi-Fi performance, excellent range, mesh-ready
Tons of useful networking features, comprehensive web user interface, and mobile app
Beautiful design, two PoE ports
No Multi-Gig, Dual-WAN, or Link Aggregation; middling Wi-Fi specs and modest processing power
Security feature reduces Wi-Fi 6 speed, Power over Ethernet doesn’t support PoE+ or PoE++
Requires an account with UniFi, not wall-mountable
For a mid-tier Gigabit Wi-Fi 6 router, the Ubiquiti UDR UniFi Dream Router is as good as it gets.
Unfortunately, since it has no Multi-Gig port, I can’t recommend it to anyone who wants a faster-than-Gigabit experience. And I can’t justify using it for myself, considering my 10Gbps Fiber-optic broadband.
So when I say I wish it had a couple of 10Gbps ports, I mean it sincerely. These ports are actually more important than the router’s support for Wi-Fi, which can be added via an access point. I hope Ubiquiti hears me loud and clear.
With that chagrin aside, the UDR is a one-of-a-kind home router that will give you so much more than the money you pay for it. If you appreciate the intricacies of networking and are happy with the Gigabit grade, get a UDR today! I can almost promise you that you’d love it.